Trégua para o contra-ataque: a política externa da Rússia nos anos 90

Eduardo Lucas Vasconcelos Cruz, Beatriz Cristine Souza Dias

Resumo


Este artigo descreve a conduta internacional da Rússia nos anos posteriores à dissolução da União Soviética. Parte-se da hipótese de que as forças do antigo regime conservaram sua influência no aparelho de Estado, o que deu-lhes condições para orientar decisões de política externa e preparar a ascensão de Vladimir Putin ao poder, em consonância com a ‘estratégia de longo alcance’ concebida pelo Departamento de Desinformação da KGB em 1958-1960.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ALPATOV, Vladimir Mikhailovich & ASHNIN, Fedor Dmitrievich. Evraziistovo v zerkale OGPU-NKVD-KGB. Vestnik Eirazii, vol. 2, nº 3, 1996, pp. 5-18.

ANDREW, Christopher & MITROKHIN, Vasili. The Sword and the Shield: the Mitrokhin Archive and the secret history of the KGB. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

BADSAY, Stephen & LATAWSKI, Paul. Britain, NATO and the lessons of the Balkan Conflicts, 1991-1999. New York: Frank Cass, 2004.

BLACK, Joseph Laurence. Russia faces NATO expansion: bearing gifts or bearing arms? New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000.

BLIGHT, James & WELCH, David. Intelligence and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Abingdon: Frank Cass Publishers, 1998.

BORAWSKI, John & YOUNG, Thomas-Durell. NATO after 2000: the future of the Euro-Atlantic Alliance. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2001.

BRANNON, Robert. Russian civil-military relations. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2009.

BRÜCKER, Herbert. Russia's foreign debt following long-term debt rescheduling. Economic Bulletin, vol. 33, nº 8, August 1996, pp. 19-28.

CARR, Fergus & FLENLEY, Paul. NATO and the Russian Federation in the new Europe: the Founding Act on Mutual Relations. Journal of Communist Studies, vol. 15, nº 2, April-June/1999, pp. 88-110.

CHAUDET, Didier; PARMENTIER, Florent & PÉLOPIDAS, Benoît. When Empire meets Nationalism: power politics in the US and Russia. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2009.

CHIODO, Abbigail & OWYANG, Michael. A case study of a currency crisis: the Russian default of 1998. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, nº 84, November-December/2002, pp. 7-18.

COLUMBUS, Frank. Russia in transition, Vol. 2. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2003.

DONALDSON, Robert, NADKARNI, Vidya & NOGEE, Joseph. The Foreign Policy of Russia: changing systems, enduring interests. London: ME Sharp, 2014.

DUGIN, Aleksandr. La grande guerre des continents. Paris: Avatar Editions, 2006.

DUGIN, Aleksandr. Last war of the World-Island: the Geopolitics of contemporary Russia. London: Arktos, 2015.

DUHAMEL, Luc. The KGB campaign against corruption in Moscow, 1982-1987. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010.

DULA, Arthur, RUBINO, Renee, TRACY, Lynne. Bringing down the barriers: American laws that impede trade with the CIS. Akron Law Review, vol. 26, nº 3-4, Winter-Spring 1993, pp. 441-463.

DUNLOP, John. Aleksandr Dugin's Foundations of Geopolitics. Demokratizatsiya, vol. 12, nº 4, Winter 2004, pp. 41-57.

DYER, Karen Leigh & SIMPKINS, Pamela K. The Trust. Arlington: Security and Intelligence Foundation, 1989.

FERGUSON, Joseph. Japanese-Russian Relations, 1907-2007. New York: Routledge, 2008.

FREITAS, Sarah & KAR, Dev Kar. Russia: illicit financial flows and the role of the underground economy. Washington: Global Financial Integrity, 2013.

GERTZ, Bill. Betrayal: how the Clinton administration undermined American security. Washington: Regnery Publishing, 1999.

GAO - UNITED STATES GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE. International efforts to aid Russia’s transition have had mixed results. Washington: Government Printing Office, 2000.

GOLDGEIER, James & MCFAUL, Michael. Power and purpose: US policy toward Russia after the Cold War. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2003.

GOLITSYN, Anatoliy. New lies for old. New York, NY: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1984.

GOLITSYN, Anatoliy. The Perestroika Deception. New York: Edward Harle, 1995.

GORBATCHEV, Mikhail. Perestroika: novas idéias para o meu país e o mundo. São Paulo: Círculo do Livro, 1987.

GORBATCHEV, Mikhail. Memoirs. New York: Doubleday, 1996.

GRAY, John. Post-liberalism: studies in political thought. New York: Routledge, 1996.

HOLZMAN, Michael Howard. James Jesus Angleton, the CIA and the craft of counterintelligence. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008.

KNIGHT, Amy. Spies without cloaks: the KGB’s successors. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

KOZYREV, Andrei. The new Russia and the Atlantic Alliance. NATO Review, vol. 41, nº 1, February/1993, pp. 3-6.

LANE, Timothy Lane; ODING, Nina & WELFENS, Paul. Real and financial economic dynamics in Russia and Eastern Europe. Berlim: Springer-Verlag, 2003.

LÊNIN, Vladimir. Collected Works, Vol. 42. Moscou: Progress Publishers, 1969.

LEWIS, Rand. COCOM: a international attempt to control technology. DISAM Journal, vol. 13, nº 1, Fall 1990, pp. 66-73.

LARRABEE, Frederick Stephen. NATO's Eastern Agenda in a New Strategic Era. Santa Monica: RAND, 2003.

MANKOFF, Jeffrey. Russian foreign policy: the return of great power politics. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2012.

MENGES, Constantine. An initial assessment of US aid to Russia, 1992-1995. Demokratizatsiya, vol. IV, nº 4, Fall 1996, pp. 538-560.

MORNINGSTAR, Richard. Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union: US policy and assistance. Hearing before the Committee on International Relations – House of Representatives. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1995.

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL. Global trends in computer technology and their impact on export controls. Washington: National Academy Press, 1988.

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL. Dual-use technologies and export control in the Post-Cold War Era. Washington: National Academy Press, 1994.

NIZAMEDDIN, Talal. Russia and the Middle East: towards a new foreign policy. London: Hurst & Company, 1999.

PACEPA, Ion Mihai. Desinformação. Campinas: Vide Editorial, 2015.

PÉREZ, José Luis Lafuente. Análisis de las elecciones rusas. Revista Ejército, año LVI, nº 659, Enero/1995, pp. 59-65.

PIPKO, Simona. The Russian Factor: from Cold War to Global Terrorism. Bloomington, XLibris Corporation, 2006.

PONSARD, Lionel. Russia, NATO and cooperative security: bridging the gap. New York: Routledge, 2007.

REDDAWAY, Peter & GLINSKI, Dmitri. The tragedy of Russia's reforms: market bolshevism against democracy. Washington: The United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001.

RODMAN, Peter Warren. Old foe of the West. Testimony, vol. 66, nº 781, January/1996, p. 53.

SENGUPTA, Anita. Heartlands of Eurasia: the geopolitics of political space. Plymouth: Lexington Books, 2009.

SHEKHOVTSOV, Anton. Alexander Dugin and the West European New Right, 1989-1994. In: LARUELLE, Marlene (Org.). Eurasianism and the European Far Right: Reshaping the Europe-Russia Relationship. New York: Lexington Books, 2015, pp. 35-54.

SHOEMAKER, Merle Wesley. Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States: 2014. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015.

ŠLEIVYTE, Janina. Russia’s European Agenda and the Baltic States. New York: Routledge, 2010.

SMITH JUNIOR, Harold. Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union: US policy and assistance. Hearing before the Committee on International Relations – House of Representatives. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1995.

STENT, Angela. Russia and Germany reborn: unification, the Soviet collapse, and the New Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.

SUTTON, Antony. Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development, 1917-1930. Stanford: Hoover Institutions Publications, 1968.

TARLOWE, Rochelle. Deregulating dual-use exports to Russia: is US National Security at risk? Fordham International Law Journal, vol. 18, nº 3, March 1995, pp. 959-1004.

TARNOFF, Curt. US bilateral assistance to Russia: 1992-2002. Washington: Congressional Research Service, 2003.

TRUSCOTT, Peter. Russia first: breaking with the West. New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers, 1997.

UMLAND, Andreas. Fascist tendencies in Russia's political establishment: the rise of the International Eurasian Movement. Russian Analytical Digest, nº 60, May 19, 2009, pp. 13-17.

UMLAND, Andreas. Aleksandr Dugin’s transformation from a lunatic fringe figure into a mainstream political publicist, 1980-1998. Journal of Eurasian Studies, vol. I, nº 2, July-December/2010, pp. 144-152.

YAKOVLEV, Alexander. Time of Darkness. Moscou: Materik, 2003.


Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2016 Revista UNILUS Ensino e Pesquisa - RUEP

ISSN (impresso): 1807-8850
ISSN (eletrônico): 2318-2083

Periodicidade: Trimestral

Primeiro trimestre, jan./mar., limite para publicar a edição - 31 de maio
Segundo trimestre, abr./jun., limite para publicar a edição - 31 de agosto
Terceiro trimestre, jul./set., limite para publicar a edição - 30 de novembro
Quarto trimestre, out./dez., limite para publicar a edição - 31 de março

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

 

Indexadores

 

Estatística de Acesso à RUEP

Monitorado desde 22 de novembro de 2016.